Where else in the world is online voting done and does it work?

A:

Since 2005, the citizens in Estonia have been able to vote on the internet in the general and European election. To vote, a person would first obtain anelectronic ID card. Such cards come in many forms, and even a recent phone’s SIM card is acceptable. Next, a voter obtains two secret codes, the first one to be identified in the voting system, and the second one to sign electrically. [5]

Gujarat became the first Indian state to experiment with e-voting in 2011. Any person whose name appears on the voters’ list can e-vote. He must then register with the State Election Commission, filling out an online form with personal details, mobile phone number and details of the personal computer/laptop that he will use to cast his vote. The voter is then sent a registration identity and temporary password via email and SMS. He must activate his identity within seven days of the alert. To prevent duplication of votes or bogus voting, the Commission sends a new password on polling day. With this, the voter can log on to the site and cast his vote. [6]

Some of those who have adopted internet voting have seen a turnaround in voter turnout. In Huntsville — one of 34 municipalities in Ontario that allowed e-voting last year — voter turnout rose sharply going up from around 30%  to 46% [7]

[5]www.fairvote.org/research-and-analysis/blog/internet-voting-if-ever-made-secure-would-it-improve-election-turnout/

[6] www.cbc.ca/news/politics/can-internet-voting-boost-turnout-without-risk-1.993586

[7] www.business-standard.com/article/beyond-business/e-voting-for-it-land


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